Thursday, 1 December 2022, 10:34 PM
Site: Bellringing Online Learning Portal
Course: Bellringing Online Learning Portal (Online Learning)
Glossary: Glossary

Cambridge backwork

The extended piece of work at the back of Cambridge (in the last two places of the change)

Cambridge frontwork

The work done 'on the front' in Cambridge, rung by the bells in first and second positions.

Cambridge major

A commonly rung surprise major method (8 bells).

Cambridge places

Work which is three dodges with intervening pairs of places separating them, all in the same pair of positions.

Cambridge surprise maximus

Cambridge Surprise Maximus is a right place surprise method, rung on 12 bells (maximus).

Cambridge surprise minor

A commonly rung surprise minor method

Cambridge surprise royal

Cambridge is a right place surprise method, 'royal' means it is being rung on 10 bells.


Canons are loops which are cast into the crown of older bells, usually fixed to the headstock by metal straps.

Ceiling boss

A smooth metal or wooden circle fitted which the ropes pass through, either in the floor / ceilings of the tower or through rope guides

Ceiling boss, seen from the floor above

Circle of work

This is a way of writing out a method in a circle. There is no beginning or end, but each working bell starts at a different part of the cycle.


A metal rod with a ball on the end which strikes the inside of the mouth of a bell. The clapper is hung from a pivot below the crown of the bell. The clapper swings back and forward as the bell rotates.

Clapper of a Church Bell

Clock hammer

The hammer of a Church clock, usually striking a bell in the tower. On a swinging bell (for full circle change ringing), the hammer is usually pulled off and held out of the way of the bell during ringing.

Clock room

Also known as the intermediate floor or middle floor, this is usually a room which contains the mechanisms for the tower clock. Bell ringers often use this area to store paraphernalia such as spare stays, spare ropes, flags etc. Bell ropes will usually run through ceiling bosses on the floor and ceiling of the clock room and this can be a point for extra wear on ropes if there is anything rough or sharp on the holes.

Clove hitch

A clove hitch is a temporary knot, made of two successive half hitches around an object. It is occasionally referred to as a double hitch.


The ringer who conducts - she or he takes responsibility for a piece of ringing, including any necessary calls. They may also check and correct any trips or mistakes in the ringing if required.


A row of changes with pairs of bells crossed over.

Not to be confused with a similar term - Crossed which is when two bells become accidentally swapped over during a method, causing each to do the other's work, so the touch will not come back into rounds where it would be expected to.

Crown knot

The critical first step to forming a back splice