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This describes a method rung on 5 bells.

Down knot

A knot (usually a bowline) which does not untie if pulled. This is to stop the tail end falling on the floor when the bell is not in use. Indicates to the ringer that the bell is most likely 'down', but it is always adviseable to check before ringing in case the previous ringer has mistakenly used this knot instead of an 'up knot'

Dyneema rope

A modern type of rope. Dyneema has a strong polyethylene core surrounded by polyester. It is low stretch (like Pre Stretched Polyester) and very durable. It is a little more expensive than hemp or pre stretched polyester but is rapidly gaining popularity in many towers.


Even bell methods

A method rung on 4,6,8,10 or 12 bells (an even number of bells!)


The maximum number of unique changes in a method.



A conical tool, traditionally made of wood. Used in rope work to lever open spaces between strands of rope, when inserting strands in the splice, or to undo knots or tucks. 

Wooden Fid


So called because the method diagram for this work resembles a fish tail. Two points are preceded and followed by hunting in opposite directions.

Flax rope

Flax is widely used as a fibre for Church bell ropes. Quality can vary due to the growing conditions and harvest of the flax used. Like hemp ropes, flax can absorb moisture and stiffen in damp conditions. Ropes can also change length depending on the weather.

Four blows behind


(or Bell frame) The framework in which bells are hung. Old style frames were usually made of wood, but more modern installations are usually metal.

Fraying or Frayed

To unravel or become worn

Fully muffled

Fully muffled bells have a half muffled fitted to each side of the clapper


Garter hole

Hole in the bell wheel, hrough which the rope passes and is attached to the spokes of the bell wheel

Garter Hole


A commonly rung twin hunt method, rung on an odd number of bells.

Grandsire triples

A very commonly rung twin hunt method, rung on 7 bells, usually with a cover bell (tenor)


Diagram showing a method using a line for every bell (not numbers). It is a way of visualising the structure of the method and understanding how the different pieces of work fit together. Often only one lead is shown.


A gudgeon is a metal shaft attached to the ends of the headstock,  forming an axle on which the bell swings.


Half hitch

A knot which is used to tie a loop of rope around and object, then back to itself.

Half lead

The change which is half way between the lead head and the lead end, usually when the treble is lying at the back.

Hand stroke lead

Leading (as the first blow in the change) with a handstroke.

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