Glossary


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M

Making seconds

This is when a bell makes two blows in seconds place.  A common example would be in plain bob doubles, a bell leads for two blows (hand and back), makes secones (hand and back in seconds place, over the treble), then leads again for two blows (hand and back).



Marlin spike

A tool used in rope work. Shaped in the form of a polished metal cone, and tapered to either a round or flattened point, it is used for opening up the stranes when splicing or untying knots.

Its function is similar to that of a fid


Maximus

A method rung on 12 bells.


Method

This is the name ringers give to a sequence of changes which are learned via a pattern or series of rules, rather than called changes where the ringers wait for a conductor to call them to change places one at a time.


Minor

The term used to describe a method rung on 6 bells.


Muffle

A pad which is usually made of leather. This is fitted to a clapper to muffle the sound when it strikes the bell.


N

Natural Fibre ropes

Natural fibre bell ropes are usually made of either Hemp or Flax. They are hard wearing and durable, but have some disadvantages such as being affected by the weather conditions and humidity, they can also be a little bit stretchy. In towers with a long draught, many people prefer to splice on a man made rope above the sally to reduce stretchiness.


O

Open bells

Open bells is a term describing bells which are rung without muffles.  For example at a funeral, the deceased's family might request half muffled bells for a service, or they could instead ask that bells be rung 'open' in celebration of the life of the departed.


P

Pieces of Work

Describing what a bell does during a method - one small action as part of the whole method.

E.g in Plain Bob doubles the 'pieces of work' are making seconds, dodging three - four down, long fifths and dodging three - four up.


Pivot bell

The place bell that makes the place at the half lead. It has smmetrical work and spans a point of symmetry in the blue line.


Place

The position of a bell in a row.


Place bells

A way of describing a certain block of work in a method. It means the first work that bell does during a lead of the plain course.  E.g if you are 'fourth place bell' you are about to do the work which the 4th does at the beginning of the method.  In the example of plain bob doubles, the fourth place bell would hunt into the lead, hunt to the back and do four blows behind.


Place notation

A type of shorthand to describe a method structure. No bell moves more than one place in the change, but each change is represented by listing the places made. Some bells stay still, whilst the remaining bells swap in pairs.


Plain Bob Doubles

One of the simplest methods, often rung by ringers who are progressing from plain hunt. All the working bells plain hunt all the time, except when the treble is leading. Rung on 5 bells, plain bob doubles has four pieces of work: making seconds, dodging 3-4 down, long fifths and dodging 3-4 up.


Plain Bob Major

The 8 bell (major) version of Plain Bob, a basic method where everyone plain hunts unless the treble is leading.


Plain Bob Minor

This is the 6 bell method of plain bob. All working bells plain hunt, except at the lead end when seconds place is made and the bells above this dodge.


Plain Course

A touch with no calls, starting and finishing in rounes.

Plain Hunt

A bell moving continuously from front to back, back to front...... without any additional pieces of work such as dodging or places. In plain methods, the treble rings this pattern, simply plain hunting whilst the other bells do the 'work' by ringing the method.


Point

See snap


Pre-stretched polyester

Sometimes known as Terylene rope, this is widely used for the top end of a rope and can be spliced on. It is less stretchy than natural rope and is very hard wearing. As it is not a natural fibre, it doesn't absorb moisture so is therefore not affected by weather conditions. It is particularly adviseable for longer draught rings of bells where stretchy natural ropes can be trickier to ring.



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