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A conical tool, traditionally made of wood. Used in rope work to lever open spaces between strands of rope, when inserting strands in the splice, or to undo knots or tucks. 

Wooden Fid


So called because the method diagram for this work resembles a fish tail. Two points are preceded and followed by hunting in opposite directions.

Flax rope

Flax is widely used as a fibre for Church bell ropes. Quality can vary due to the growing conditions and harvest of the flax used. Like hemp ropes, flax can absorb moisture and stiffen in damp conditions. Ropes can also change length depending on the weather.

Four blows behind


(or Bell frame) The framework in which bells are hung. Old style frames were usually made of wood, but more modern installations are usually metal.

Fraying or Frayed

To unravel or become worn

Fully muffled

Fully muffled bells have a half muffled fitted to each side of the clapper