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Thick, woollen part of a bell rope which the ringer grips when ringing the handstroke. These are often brightly coloured and striped. The soft wool prevents ringers from holding coarser rope which could chafe their hands.


Seconds (making seconds)

A common piece of work in many methods. The bell in question leads for two blows, then rings two blows in seconds place, then leads again for two blows.


The rims either side of the sole on a bell wheel.

Slap board

Slap board is another term for a running board, a sloping piece of wood used to guide the rope between the belfry and the ringing chamber.


Sometimes known as a point, this is a single blow after which the direction of hunting reverses.


The flat part (base) of the channel around the bell wheel, in between the rims, where the rope lies.


Make a smooth join between two pieces of rope by opening the individual strands and tucking them between the strands of the other piece


A radial piece of wood in the middle of a bell wheel


Wooden bar attached to the headstock. Usually made of ash wood. By resting against the slider, it supports the weight of the bell just past the balance, so that the bell can be stood in the 'up' position


Named after Fabian Stedman (a late 17th century ringer), this is a popular principle rung on an odd number of bells.

Steeple Keeper

The person responsible for the maintenance and inspection of bells, fittings and ropes.


A single length of fibre, twisted around with others to form a rope.

Surprise major

Rung on 8 bells, this is a class of treble dodging methods in which an internal place is made at every cross section.


This is a normal type of method, the places are symmetrial from the beginning to the end of the lead or block, using palindromic symmetry. Some methods also have back to front symmetry, or rotational symmetry.