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A single length of fibre, twisted around with others to form a rope.

Surprise major

Rung on 8 bells, this is a class of treble dodging methods in which an internal place is made at every cross section.


This is a normal type of method, the places are symmetrial from the beginning to the end of the lead or block, using palindromic symmetry. Some methods also have back to front symmetry, or rotational symmetry.


Tail end

The end of a bell rope (below the sally). A tail is normally doubled by tucking itself back for a few feet, so that the length is adjustable.


A synthetic polyester fibre, obtained from petroleum. Used as a 'top end' for ropes because it is durable and does not feel stretchy to the ringer.

Three - Four down dodge

A pattern of work where two adjacent bells (in 3rd and 4th positions) change place. A bell that is hunting downwards in the change doing a dodge in third and fourths place would be described as doing a 3-4 down dodge.

Three - Four Up Dodge

A p attern of work where two adjacent bells (in 3rd and 4th positions) change place. A bell that is hunting upwards in the change doing a dodge in third and fourths place would be described as doing a 3-4 up dodge.

Tie bolts

Long bolts used to stabilise and tie together wooden headstocks.

Top End

The part of a bell rope which is above the sally, going up and round the wheel


The bell with the highest note in a ring of bells (usually also the lightest bell).

Treble based rules

Also known as treble signposts, this is ringing a method by watching the position of the treble. As an example, when ringing plain bob doubles, a ringer might be prompted to make seconds whenever they hunt to the front of the change and the treble is leading. They might be reminded to do a 3-4 down dodge after passing the treble at the back.

Most methods have rules where the position of the treble offers clues of what to do next, and this avoids remembering a whole long blue line.

Treble bobbing

This is where the hunt bell rings a pattern of dodging in every even pair of positions.

On six bells, this would mean the hunt bell dodging in 1-2, 3-4 and 5-6 as it hunts up and down.

Triple Dodging

Three dodges rung consecutively


Passing the tail end through itself to adjust the length. The point where the rope passes through itself.

Twin Hunt

This describes a class of method where there are two hunt bells, usually the treble and one other. The second hunt bell will change once calls are introduced.


Up Knot

A knot which is used to stop the tail end falling on the floor when the bell is not in use. It will untie easily if pulled. It usually indicates that the bell has been left in the 'up' position. Ringers should always double check though by testing whether a bell is up or down, in case the previous ringer has left the wrong knot in error.



Bell wheel - attached to the headstock of any bell which has been hung for full circle ringing. Usually made of wood (traditionally Elm), wheels are assembled in two halves to facilitate getting them up into the belfry where they as assembled. The bell rope is attached to the middle spokes of the wheel.


A whipping knot, or whipping is binding twine around the end of a rope to prevent it from fraying. Whipping can be made nteat by tying it off or sewing the ends of the twine through the rope itself.



A wood eating larvae - of several species of beetles. Infestation with woodworm can affect wooden belfry fittings, weakening them and spreading if left untreated.

Working bell

A bell which rings the pattern of the method or principle, and is not in the same position at each lead head (in other words, it is not a hunt bell or a cover bell).

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