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Above the treble

This describes the bell's position - it means it is later in the row than the treble, for example a bell could be ringing in sixth's place when the treble was in third's place.


The Association of Ringing Teachers



Also sometimes known as a tail stroke, this is the stroke rung with the ringer's hands on the tail, rather than on the sally.

Backstroke lead

Leading (as the first blow in the change) with a backstroke.

Ball of the clapper

This is the large, usually round part of the clapper which strikes the bell as it's ringing.

Bearing plate

Swinging bells have two bearings, either side of the headstock - these are bolted onto the frame. The metal plates which are bolted to the frame are known as 'bearing plates'. These bear considerable load as the bell swings.


Bell chamber, usually at the top of the Church Tower, where the bells are housed.

Bell advisor (Diocesan)

An expert on bells, usually appointed by the Diocese to advise on bell related matters.  Sometimes abbreviated to DAB (Diocesan Bell Advisor).

Bell foundry

The engineering works where bells are cast. Often bell foundries will also be able to advise on / carry out bell maintenance work, augmentations, re-hangs and repairs. Many foundries also supply ropes, stays and other sundries.

Bell frame

The frame from which swinging bells are hung. These can be made of wood (usually in older installations), or commonly steel / iron.  The bells swing within the frame.

Bell pit

This is the space in the bell pit in which a bell hangs (and swings).

Bell restoration fund

A fund set up by a tower or local ringing society to fund projects which restore, maintain or install bells.

Bell wheel

The wheel which is attached to the headstock of any bell which is hung for full circle change ringing. Usually made of wood (historically elm), with spokes.

Below the treble

This describes a bell's position, meaning earlier in the row than the treble. So, if the treble was in 4ths place, the bell in 2nd place would be described as being 'below the treble'.

Blue line

A diagram used by method ringers to show the path of one bell progressing through the method (or principle). When printed on paper, it is usually marked in blue. The path of the treble bell (if not ringing as part of the method or principle) is usually marked in red.


A bob causes three bells to rotate in the coursing order and is generally the most common type of call.


Found on many bell wheels, these are wooden half circles either side of the garter hole, to reduce continual bending back and forward of the rope in one small area as the bell wheel turns.  There is usually a gentle groove carved into each bobbin for the rope to lay in.


Ceiling boss, seen from the floor above

Another term for ceiling bosses

Boxes round the treble

Places made in both positions either side of the treble. This is seen in methods such as Double Oxford minor.


Cambridge backwork

The extended piece of work at the back of Cambridge (in the last two places of the change)

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